Islamic Terrorism Timeline
- January 8, 1973: A bomb destroyed the offices of a Paris agency that facilitated the emigration of Jews to Israel. Black_September claimed credit for the attack.
- January 11, 1973: In Kaiserslautern, Germany, group of Arab Muslim terrorists entered a restaurant and immediately assaulted foreign patrons who were present. During the melee, a tourist whose parents resided in Tel Aviv was killed, and several other people were injured.
- January 17, 1973: A charge of dynamite in a basement restroom in the American University in Beirut, Lebanon exploded. Only the toilet was destroyed so no one took credit for the dirty deed.
- January 20, 1973: Six Muslims were arrested in Austria and in Italy for planning attacks against Russian Jews. Their prison sentences were suspended and they were freed because in Catholic Italy and Nazi Austria, killing Jews is considered sport.
- January 24, 1973: In Cyprus, a representative of Arafat's al-Fatah, Hussein Abad al-Khair, switched off the light in his hotel room in Nicosia and was killed by a time bomb that had been placed under his bed. It was detonated by a radio transmitter from across the street. Police later found a $5,000 check drawn by a Cypriot known to be an agent of the KGB. Despite all evidence to the contrary, Palestinians claimed that Israeli agents were responsible for the assassination.
- January 24, 1973: In Iran, a small bomb exploded at the Pan American World Airways office in Tehran.
- January 26, 1973: In what was the first of many terrorist attacks in Corsica, a heavily armed man, who was reportedly a French Legionnaire, was shot to death after he seized five hostages in an abortive hijacking attempt at Calvi Airport. Uncivil and violent behavior will continue to haunt the Corsica.
- January 26, 1973: In Spain, the Black_September Organization claimed responsibility for the assassination in Madrid of an Israeli tourist who they said was an Israeli intelligence officer. The BSO claimed: "He was executed by firing squad for his part in killing Palestinian representatives in Italy and France.".
- January 28, 1973: An Armenian murdered the Los Angeles Turkish consul general and vice consul in Santa Barbara in revenge for Turkish attacks on Armenians in 1915.
While the Turkish representative had nothing to do with the genocide, Islam and his country did. What happened in the melee of World War One is one of history's most tragic and forgotten tales.
In 1914, before the start of World War I, there were two million Armenians eking out a serf-like existence in the Islamic Ottoman Empire. Most were Apostolic Christians. Like all non-Muslims, they were taxed heavily and afforded few civil rights. For example, in a legal dispute, their testimony against a Muslim in Islamic courts was held to be inadmissible. And while Muslims were all armed, it was illegal for a non-Muslim, like an Armenian Christian, to own a weapon of any kind.
In this land poisoned by Islam, the Armenian Christians were called Infidels. They were held in utter contempt, and treated as pigs. If their shadow touched a Turk they were spat upon and forced to wipe the dust from the Muslim's feet. The Christian Armenians were routinely enslaved by the Ottoman Muslims and their homes, property, wives, and children were never safe from attack. But should the Christian resist the Muslim's assault on his family, they would be killed.
During Sultan Hamid's long reign, he suspended the Ottoman constitution so that he would endear himself to the Muslim population by making all forms of abuse on the Christian minority permissible. But the immoral code of conduct only served to weaken his empire, enabling the Russians in 1877 to claim considerable swaths of Ottoman land, including that which was populated by the Armenians. Sadly, the Russians, who treated the Christians as human, ceded their land back to the Islamic regime with the Treaty of Berlin. The terms of the transfer required the Turks to provide legal protections to the Christian Armenians, but being Muslims, the Ottomans disavowed their promises. Minor unrest on behalf of the Armenians met with ruthless brutality on behalf of the Muslims.
Under the control of Islam, the Christians had virtually no rights, their taxes were debilitating without benefit of services, they had no say in the political process, and they had no legal protections. It was discrimination of the worst kind.
Then as they do today, Turkish political authorities in league with Islamic clerics used their mosques to propagate lies, teach hate, and inspire terrorism. The Muslims were told by their imams that the Armenian Christians, who were unarmed, were poised to attack Islam. The Sultan sent the Ottoman army into the Armenian areas to aid and abet the Muslim militants. A reign of terror ensued with Muslims burning Armenian villages to the ground, raping their women, murdering the men, and selling the children into slavery.
It was as if Muhammad had been reborn. The world was reliving his barbarism against the Qaynuqa, Qurayza, and Khaybar Jews. In the Urfa Cathedral fire alone, 3,000 Christians were burned to death. In Istanbul, 40,000 were massacred. But because Sultan Hamid closed Armenian communities to Western officials and since he prevented Christians from leaving, we will never know how many were murdered in the first phase of the genocide. But according to the most complete investigation conducted, a French commission studying the massacre in its immediate aftermath said that in the Hamidian massacre in 1894 to 1897, 250,000 Christians were slaughtered by the Turks and 1,000.000 were pillaged. Sultan Hamid's First Secretary wrote in his memoirs: "The Sultan decided to pursue a policy of severity and terror against the Armenians." Keep in mind, this was just a warm up act. The main event was a score of years away.
In the five years before the start of World War I, the Ottoman Empire came under the control of the Young Turks, a secret society of university students and military cadets. Their revolt was spurred on in 1908 when the Ottoman Empire was facing the Macedonian Question, with the Russians and Austrian-Hungarians both vying for the Balkans, which at the time were still under the oppressive hand of the Muslims. In order to save their conquered territory, the Ottoman's proposed a new constitution which provided assurances of equal treatment for non-Muslims. But it was this concession which catapulted the Young Turks to power. They immediately rescinded the tolerance provisions. This in turn caused the Ottoman Empire to splinter, with Bosnia-Herzegovina being annexed by Austria-Hungary, Libya and Rhodes being annexed by Italy, and revolts in Albania, Syria, and Egypt.
Since no Islamic nation has ever been economically viable on its own, it has always required plunder. The Ottoman Empire was crumbling not only because there were no new lands to conquer, but also because they were losing their ability to tax their previous conquests. (For those who think that Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Libya, Iran, and Iraq are financially viable economically, read the story of OPEC on this site and learn how the crude cartel came to fleece the West.).
By 1913, the Ottoman's were losing the Second Balkan War, prompting a coup, and the rise of three Islamic warlords. Known as the Three Pashas, the Turks now had a Grand Vizier named Muhammad, a Minister of War named Ishmael, and a Minister of the Navy named Ahmed. They allied with Germany in 1914, entered the war, and after attacking Russians in the Black Sea and Caucasus, found themselves isolated and fragmented, torn apart by competing factions. In 1915, nearly 90% of the Ottoman 3rd Army was destroyed by Russian forces in the Battle of Sarikamis. In full retreat, Ishmael Enver, who was the Ottoman Minister of War, blamed the Armenians for his defeat.
The Ottoman War Office had already prepared the necessary propaganda to present the Armenian Christians as a liability worthy of death. An Ottoman naval officer in the War Office described the scheme: "In order to justify this enormous crime the requisite propaganda material was thoroughly prepared in Istanbul. It included such statements as ‘the Armenians are in league with the enemy. They will launch an uprising in Istanbul and kill off our leaders.' These vile and malicious incitements were used to persuade people into no longer feeling the pangs of conscience over the fate of these people.".
The defeated Ottoman War Minister, Ishmael Enver, confiscated all weapons possessed by Armenians who had been conscripted into his army. Under the guise of sending the Christians to "labor battalions," he sent them into the clutches of Turkish death squads known as Chetes, similar to the Nazi SS paramilitary Einsatzgruppen, which annihilated Jews during the Second World War. At first the Christians became Muslim slaves, then they became beasts of burden (construction mules), and finally, they were killed.
Then by order of the Ottoman government, the Special Organization (Teskilat-I Mahsusa) was formed to facilitate a final solution to the Armenian Christian problem. On April 24th, 1915, 250 Armenian leaders were arrested during the night. With the community leaderless, the Special Organization began releasing criminal convicts from it prisons so long as they agreed to serve the Teskilat-I Mahusa by rounding up and escorting Armenian Christians to their death. Vehib, Commander of the Ottoman 3rd Army, called the Muslim convicts employed by the Special Organization "Butchers of the Human Species.".
According to the military tribunals set up after the war, the convicts had to be ruthless killers to be selected as a member of the Special Organization. The Mazhar commission, during the military court, provided lists revealing that most of the participants were in prison for murder. This selection process was clearly indicative of the government's intention to commit mass murder on its Armenian Christian population.
By May 25th, 1915, on orders from the Talat Pasha, the ruling Islamic triumvirate, nearly a million Armenians from across Anatolia to Mesopotamia were forced from the homes and into the Syrian and Iraqi desert. No food, supplies, or shelter were provided during or after the long forced march of men, women, and children. The defeated Ottoman government prevented their deportees from helping themselves and they prohibited any outside assistance. During the march, the Islamic criminals serving the Special Organization were encouraged to rob, rape, and kill the Armenian Christians. The Ottoman troops escorting them also participated in these same vile acts.
For those who survived the hellish march, twenty-five concentration camps under the command of the Sukru Kaya were set up to torment them. The Sukru Kaya reported directly to the senior leaders of the Ottoman government and functioned as SS troops. These camps ultimately became little more than mass burial zones as most of the Armenian Christians who survived their Islamic tormentors lived but a few more days. Those who continued to cling to life were subjected to being burned alive in mass or being given poisoned food.
In total, between 1915 and 1917 the Islamic government of what is today Turkey systematically murdered over a million Christians, bringing the combined assault to 1.3 million Armenians.
The United States was officially a neutral party at this time and would not join in the war until 1917. As such, the U.S. had consulates throughout the Ottoman Empire. The State Department mission was headed by Ambassador Henry Morgenthau. As the order for deportations and massacres were given, many American consular officials reported back to the ambassador on what they were witnessing. One such documentation came in September 1915 by the American consul in Kharput, Leslie Davis who described his discovery of the bodies of nearly 10,000 Armenians dumped into several ravines near Lake Göeljuk, noting the stench of the corpses. Other eyewitness testimony came from Americans in Aleppo and Van which prompted meetings with War Minister Enver. He acknowledged the mass exile, but the American Ambassador did nothing and said nothing.
Protestant missionaries in the region vividly described the torturous methods deployed by the Turkish forces, and they documented many accounts of their atrocities. The New York Times ran 145 articles on the genocide, but they could not stir America's collective conscience sufficiently to act on behalf of Islam's victims.
The British, who were fighting the Ottomans in Syria and Iraq witnessed the same mass killings the Americans had reported. A British diplomat in Baghdad wrote down the testimony of a captured Ottoman soldier: "On February 3rd the battalion left Aleppo and reached Ras al-Ain. Some 12,000 Armenians were concentrated under the guard of a hundred Kurds. These Kurds were really just butchers. Parties of them were publicly ordered to take groups of Armenians, of both sexes, to various destinations, but had secret instructions to destroy the males, children and old women. One Kurd confessed to killing 100 Armenians himself. The young women's bodies were abused in such a way as to be indescribable. The empty desert cisterns and caves were filled with corpses.".
Famed historian Arnold Toynbee compiled statements from survivors and eyewitnesses who similarly attested to the deliberate massacre of innocent Armenian Christians by the Islamic Ottoman government and its army. Along with Viscount Bryce, in 1916 they published The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, 1915-1916. The University of Oxford said of the tome: "I realize that in times of persecution passions run high. But the evidence of these letters and reports will bear any scrutiny and overpower any skepticism. Their genuineness is established beyond question.".
Winston Churchill in his multivolume work on the war, The World Crisis, 1911-1918, called the genocide an "administrative holocaust" and noted that "the clearance of race from Asia Minor was about as complete as such an act could be.... There is no reason to doubt that that this crime was planned and executed for political reasons. The opportunity presented itself for clearing Turkish soil of a Christian race opposed to all Turkish ambitions.".
German Major General Otto von Lossow, attested in 1918: "The Turks have embarked upon the total extermination of the Armenians in Trans-Caucasia.... The aim of Turkish policy is, as I have reiterated, the taking of possession of Armenian districts and the extermination of the Armenians. Talaat's government wants to destroy all Armenians, not just in Turkey but also outside Turkey. On the basis of all the reports and news coming to me here in Tiflis there hardly can be any doubt that the Turks systematically are aiming at the extermination of the few hundred thousand Armenians whom they left alive until now.".
A German military medic who was assigned to serve German troops building a railway through the region, Armin Wegner, took hundreds of pictures, documenting the massacre. He and his German military officers witnessed tens of thousands of Armenians being crammed into cattle cars, up to 90 per car, and shipped by railroad to death camps. While he described the scene as "bestial and cruel" and the purpose "a plan of race extermination," Germans would copy these methods exactly, replicating what they had seen in just twenty years time.
And yet to this day, Turkey denies the whole affair. Their penal code specifically calls for the prosecution of anyone who calls for the recognition of the Armenian genocide. It is as if truth is irrelevant and life is meaningless.
While many of those responsible for the genocide of over a million people (the Armenians claim 1.5 million) were sentenced to death in absentia, the accused not only escaped custody, they destroyed the majority of the government documents pertaining to the Christian holocaust.
- February 20, 1973: Three Pakistani Muslim youths attacked the Indian High Commission in London and held staff members hostage, injuring some of them. British police shot two of the Islamic gunmen and arrested the third, who said they belonged to a group called Black December, and that they had intended to take hostages in order to obtain an audience with Prime Minister Indira Ghandi to demand the release of Pakistani prisoners of war.
- March 1, 1973: Eight Palestinian terrorists, still calling themselves "Black_September," seized control over the Saudi Arabian Embassy in Khartoum during a farewell party for U.S. Deputy Chief of Mission George Curtis Moore. They seized ten hostages, including Moore, U.S. Ambassador Cleo Noel, and Belgian Charge Guy Eid. The Jordanian charge d'affaires and the Saudi Arabian ambassador and his wife and four children were also held. Many other diplomats who were attending the party escaped.
The Islamic terrorists demanded the release of 60 Palestinian Fedayeen being held in Jordan, all Muslim women detained in Israel, Sirhan Sirhan, the killer of Senator Robert Kennedy, the release of al-Fatah leader Abu Daoud, the mastermind of the Munich Olympic Games murders, and members of the Baader-Meinhof Gang imprisoned in Germany who were PFLP affiliates.
Negotiations were brokered by the Sudanese Islamic government, which at the time was in the midst of a genocide which would leave 2.7 million African Animists and Christians dead. The Islamic terrorists who were receiving coded instructions on the radio - directly from Yasser Arafat.
During the siege, Black_September dropped their demands on the Israeli and West German governments, but insisted on the release of the prisoners in Jordan. In a news conference on March 2nd, President Richard Nixon said that the United States would do everything it could to obtain the release of its citizen but would "not pay blackmail.".
The next day, two Americans, the United States' ambassador to Sudan, Cleo Noel, and Chief of Mission, George Moore, as well as a Belgian were shot and killed by the Muslim terrorists. Then Black_September executed the remaining hostages. After their pleas for safe passage to another country were rejected the PLO murderers surrendered. The National Security Agency charged the PLO with direct complicity in these murders which were carried out under the orders of Yasser Arafat, President of Fatah.
Yet in the years to come, American politicians, serving OPEC Islamic interests, would welcome this terrorist with open arms. The leaders of both parties treated the man who murdered American diplomats as if he were a head of state and a peacemaker. Piece of shit is more like it - as were those who coddled him (Carter, Bush, and Clinton).
Two of the kidnapping murderers were released by the Sudanese Islamic government "for lack of evidence" in October 1973. A court of inquiry - their rough equivalent to a grand jury - later indicted all eight terrorists on five counts, including murder. Their trial began on June 1, 1974. The Black_September PLO members were convicted on June 24th and sentenced to life imprisonment, albeit with two in absentia. President Nimeiri of Sudan, the fundamentalist Islamic dictator and genocidal maniac, commuted their sentences to seven years and released them to the Palestine Liberation Organization the next day. The terrorists were flown to Cairo where the Egyptian authorities detained them briefly and then released them.
While I do not want to excuse the Palestinians or Sudanese leaders for their crime, I am appalled that Americans were in the Sudan and that they were partying with the Saudis - the most lethal and most immoral regimes on the planet.
- March 3, 1973: In Morocco, a watchman discovered a shoe box containing a bomb under a station wagon belonging to the American consul in Casablanca.
- March 4, 1973: The Greek charter ship Sanya carrying 250 U.S. tourists bound for Haifa, Israel, sank in Beirut harbor following an explosion. There were no casualties. An official investigation revealed that the explosion was caused by a device placed against the side of the ship below the waterline. Yasser Arafat's Fatah implement, Black_September claimed credit for the destruction of the vessel.
- March 5, 1973: In Morocco, a package containing a bomb was discovered inside a paper towel dispenser in a public washroom at the U.S. Information Service Cultural Center in Casablanca.
- March 6, 1973: An elaborate array of explosives were found in the trunks of cars parked outside of the El Al Israel Airlines air terminal at Kennedy Airport, the First Israel Bank and Trust Company, and the Israel Discount Bank, in New York City. Police, having been tipped off by the Israelis, were able to dismantle the bombs.
A search of the vehicles also revealed a quantity of paper with Yasser Arafat's Black_September's letterhead. The FBI reported that three bombs were set to go off on March 4 during Israeli Premier Golda Meir's New York visit, but an error in their circuits caused them to fail. An Iraqi PLO official was arrested in Italy in 1991 and was charged with placing the bombs in the city.
- March 12, 1973: Palestinian Black_September terrorists murdered an Israeli businessman in Nicosia, Cyprus. The victim was subsequently branded by Cairo's Fedayeen radio as a "Zionist intelligence officer." He was found shot and killed on the steps of the Nicosia Palace Hotel. The PLO/Fatah implement, Black_September claimed responsibility.
- March 15, 1973: A Palestinian attack on Jordanian and Israeli embassies in Paris was foiled but all four perpetrators were set free to hunt another day.
- March 21, 1973: In Germany, a man and a woman entered the grounds of the U.S. Consulate General in Frankfurt. One fired a pistol and the other hurled a Molotov cocktail against a window.
- March 28, 1973: In Argentina, anti-Semites most likely associated with the BSO bombed a Jewish nursery school in Rosario.
- April 1, 1973: An explosion destroyed several cars in Beirut. The BSO said the blast was an attempt by Jordanian intelligence operatives to assassinate Ziyad Al Hilu, a PLO/BSO official who participated in the assassination of Jordanian Prime Minister Wasfi Tal in Cairo on November 28, 1971.
- April 4, 1973: Several people who were alleged to be of Armenian origin threw tear-gas grenades into the Turkish consulate general and the Turkish airlines office in Paris. There were no injuries. Let's call it too little, too late.
- April 4, 1973: El Al security successfully defended their aircraft from attack, but the Italian government released to two Palestinian hijackers and deported them to Lebanon.
- April 5, 1973: In France, Basil Raoud al-Kubaisi, an Iraqi law professor, was shot to death in Paris by two unidentified men. The PFLP issued a statement in Beirut saying that he was shot while carrying out a PFLP mission. It was suggested that he was setting up arsenals for Black_September in several Arab diplomatic offices in Europe. The Mossad Wrath of God teams were suspected.
- April 5, 1973: In Italy, a bomb exploded in the garden of the U.S. Embassy Marine Guard quarters in Rome.
- April 9, 1973: In Cyprus, Zayad Murchesi, who had been sent to Nicosia by Yasser Arafat to replace Hussein Abad al-Khair, was killed under similar circumstances to his predecessor on January 24, 1973. He turned off the light in his hotel room and was immediately killed in the explosion.
- April 9, 1973: In Cyprus, four Islamic terrorists blew out the entrance to a Nicosia apartment building where the Israeli ambassador resided. Three were arrested at the scene and the fourth was captured later.
Thirty minutes after the apartment house explosion, two cars crashed through the gates of the Nicosia airport. One car was stopped by police. The other car, containing five Islamic terrorists, drove up to an Israeli plane that was about to leave for Tel Aviv. There the jihadists were engaged in a gunfight with Cypriot police and an Israeli security guard. During the firefight, one of the Arab Muslims tossed sticks of dynamite and grenades at the plane.
Three Arab Muslims were wounded and taken prisoner. One was killed. The fifth escaped. Some reports credit Black_September, the PLO's international terrorist arm, with the operation. In a note found by the police, a group calling itself the National Organization of Arab Youth claimed responsibility.
The seven terrorist who had been captured were sentenced to seven years imprisonment. In December 1973, Cyprus President Archbishop Makarios quietly released them, saying he did not want Cyprus to become a battleground for Middle East conflicts. It was so moral and religious of the Archbishop to let terrorists go free.
The Arab Nationalist Youth for the Liberation of Palestine conducted most of its attacks against American and Israeli aviation targets. The group was created by Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi as a method of secretly fighting against Americans and Jews. But as soon as direct ties between the group and the Libyan government were confirmed, he abandoned the venture so as not to invite retaliation. After this, Qadhafi switched his strategy and began to provide copious amounts of OPEC funding to Palestinian organizations such as Fatah, the PLO, and PFLP because they shared his violent Islamic ambitions.
- April 10, 1973: Israelis, including Ehud Barak, entered Beirut, Lebanon to assassinate three PLO/PFLP terrorists who had murdered Israeli and American athletes at the Munich Olympic Games.
- April 14, 1973: Masked Islamic terrorists in Lebanon destroyed a U.S.-owned oil storage tank and badly damaged three others in Sidon.
- April 16, 1973: Islamic terrorists tried to blow up the Trans-Arabian Pipeline to Zahrani, but only succeeded in denting it. The flow of oil was not affected by the minor damage. The two men were said to have been working for the PFLP-GC and for the PFLP.
- April 16, 1973: A shot was fired through a bedroom window of the home of the New Zealand charge d'affaires in Washington, D.C. Painted on the house were the words, "Black_September." The official speculated that the terrorists thought they were attacking the residence of the Jordanian ambassador who at one time had lived in the house.
- April 21, 1973: A Philippine Air Lines Hawker Siddeley HS-748 carrying 33 people crashed near Patabangan after a bomb exploded.
- April 27, 1973: And El Al Airlines clerk was murdered by Palestinians in Rome. She was shot and killed outside a department store. Police arrested a Lebanese citizen who said that he was a member of Black_September and had been ordered to kill the Italian because he was an Israeli spy responsible for the killing of an Al Fatah official.
- April 27, 1973: Three Palestinians were arrested in Beirut for trying to carry explosives aboard an aircraft bound for Nice, France.
- April 28, 1973: In Lebanon, Black_September placed a bomb in the lavatory in the Beirut International Airport. The device was found and dismantled by authorities one hour before it was set to go off. Callers claimed that the attack was designed to secure the release of three Arab Muslims who had been arrested the previous day.
- April 29, 1973: In Lebanon, a stick of dynamite thrown at the residence of the Jordanian ambassador in Beirut. It exploded in a vacant lot, doing negligible damage and injuring no one.
- April 30, 1973: Lebanese troops arrested four Arab terrorists who were riding in a car with weapons, explosives, and a radio transmitter, as they approached the U.S. embassy in Beirut. They were believed to be members of Black_September and thus the PLO. Police later reported that five other armed Palestinians were rounded up in connection with the abortive attack. Yasser Arafat was doing his best to kill Americans.
- May 1, 1973: The British European Airways office in Barcelona was firebombed.
- May 1, 1973: In Afghanistan, a member of the Pakistani Black December group shot at an assistant manager of the Indian Airlines office in Kabul. The victim overpowered the assailant and held him for the police. This represents the first terrorist event in Afghanistan since the timeline began.
The Black December terrorist group operated briefly during 1973. The Pakistani Muslims conducted attacks in England and Afghanistan. They targeted Indian diplomatic and private interests with the aim of gaining the release of Pakistani terrorists from Indian detention.
In 1971, India and Pakistan fought openly because India intervened on behalf of the victims Pakistan's Civil War. The internal Pakistani inter-Muslim sectarian strife led to the separation of East Pakistan and establishment of the independent Muslim nation of Bangladesh. India's involvement in the Muslim civil war ended in a Pakistani defeat in December 1971. And the timing of Islam's failure was the inspiration for Black December's name, just as it had been for Black_September.
Black December was inactive from 1974 to 1997, when a letter was received at a British diplomatic mission in Pakistan threatening the lives of members of the visiting Indian cricket squad. In their letter, Black December threatened to carry out attacks unless those responsible for the group's 1973 shooting in London were released.
- May 2, 1973: Rockets were fired at the U.S. Ambassador's residence in Beirut.
- May 2, 1973: Two firebombs were thrown at Pan American World Airways offices in Barcelona.
- May 4, 1973: In Burma, Shan tribesmen kidnapped two Soviet doctors working and demanded the release of Chang Chipu, an imprisoned Shan leader. On May 30, government troops stormed the terrorist hideout where the two hostages were being held. Sadly, the kidnappers escaped and their hostages were never seen again.
- May 18, 1973: A Soviet Aeroflot flight from Moscow to Chita in Siberia was hijacked with 100 passengers and crew aboard. When the hijacker's demands were not met, he set off a bomb in the passenger cabin. The Tu-104 broke up at 30,000 ft and crashed near Chita with no survivors. Since we do not know what the hijacker wanted, we do not know if this was the start of the Chechen Islamic uprising, and their subsequent hijackings, or something entirely different.
- May 20, 1973: Two Muslim Arabs were arrested and then freed for having sent letter bombs to Jewish targets in England and Holland.
- May 24, 1973: An explosion caused by a bomb damaged the Senegalese embassy in Paris.
- June 2, 1973: In Iran, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Hawkins, an American military adviser, was shot and killed by young Muslims.
- June 9, 1973: In Germany, a Black_September unit partially destroyed the Fritz Werner arms plant in West Berlin. The BSO issued a press release claiming responsibility for the incident, stating that it was because the company dealt with Israel.
- June 17, 1973: In Italy, two Muslim Arabs were wounded when the car bomb they were driving to the El Al check-in area at the Rome airport exploded prematurely. The Islamic terrorists were freed without trial.
- July 17, 1973: King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan was overthrown. Prime Minister Daoud seized power in a military coup while the king was out of the country. It was just one dictatorial Marxist Muslim replacing another.
- June 20, 1973: Fire destroyed an automobile owned by a member of the Soviet mission to the United Nations in New York. An anonymous caller stated that the car had been firebombed to protest the treatment of Jews in the Soviet Union and the visit of Leonid Brezhnev to the United States.
- June 28, 1973: In France, Mohammed Boudia, an Algerian supporter of Fedayeen terrorist operations and a Black_September leader, was killed in Paris when a bomb exploded in his automobile.
- July 1, 1973: Colonel Yosef Alon, an Israeli military attaché in Washington, D.C., was assassinated outside of his home. Muslim Arab terrorists were responsible. A Voice of Palestine radio broadcast said that Alon had been executed in retaliation for the assassination of Mohammed Boudia in Paris. While that was not true, it did not matter.
- July 19, 1973: In Greece, a lone Palestinian terrorist armed with a machine gun and hand grenades attempted to attack the El Al Israel Airlines office in Athens. He was prevented from entering the office when a guard pressed a security lock that closed inner doors made of bulletproof glass. The Islamic terrorist then fled to a nearby hotel where he took 17 hostages.
Negotiations undertaken by the ambassadors of Egypt, Libya, and Iraq continued for several hours. It was finally agreed to let the Muslim terrorist fly to Kuwait, where he vanished. The hostages were unharmed. The man said he was a member of the Organization of Victims of Occupied Territories.
- July 20, 1973: A Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 carrying 145 passengers was seized by one Japanese and three Islamic Arab hijackers shortly after it took off from Amsterdam. A fifth hijacker, a woman, was killed shortly after the takeover, when a hand grenade she was holding accidentally exploded. A Japanese purser was injured in the blast.
The three Arab Muslims identified themselves as members of Palestinian terrorist groups and the Japanese hijacker was identified as a member of the "Japanese Red Army acting for the people of Palestine." The Red Army was affiliated with the PFLP which was now incorporated into the PLO, which was operated by Fatah, which was controlled by Yasser Arafat, who was financed by OPEC and influenced by Islam.
The hijackers acted as if they were confused, lending credence to the belief that the woman who had been killed was the leader and the others had not been fully briefed on their mission. The purpose was evidently to gain the release of their terror associates and to recover the $6 million in compensation money that Japan had paid to the victims of the Lod Airport Tel Aviv mass murders which the group had been responsible (see the May 31, 1972 incident). It was reported in Lebanon that the hijackers also demanded $5 million in ransom.
The Muslim Arabs ordered the plane flown to Lebanon, but Lebanese authorities refused them permission to land, as did authorities at Bahrain, their second choice. They finally landed in Dubai. Officials of Japan Air Lines arrived there to negotiate, but the hijackers rejected any negotiations and flew on to Damascus, Syria then to Benghazi in Libya, where the jihadists released the passengers and destroyed the aircraft with explosives.
A statement later issued by the Organization of the Sons of Occupied Territories said that the plane had been destroyed in retaliation for the payment that the Japanese government made to the Jewish victims of the Lod Airport massacre. On July 29, 1973, Libyan Information Minister Abu-Zaid Omar Durda confirmed that the hijackers would be tried on charges of violent armed robbery in accordance with Islamic law - which is to say they would be rewarded as heroes. The Libyan Marxist Muslim government lavished OPEC funds on them and granted them asylum.
- July 21, 1973: In Norway, an Algerian-born, Moroccan waiter, Ahmed Bouchiki, who was living in Oslo, and who was active in the PLO's Black_September Organization, was shot 14 times as he returned from a movie. Six Israelis were arrested for the killing. The prosecutor maintained that Bouchiki had been mistakenly identified as Ali Hassan Salameh - who had also been in on the planning of the Black_September Munich Olympic Games killings.
The six received sentences ranging from one to five and a half years of which they served between seven and 22 months. The largest newspaper in Oslo, Verdens Gang, stated in January 1978, that in a interview with PLO's new European chief, Mohammed Wahbi, the latter described Bouchiki as "a member of a special resistance group serving under PLO ." Israeli officials have never commented on the incident.
- July 23, 1973: In Beirut, the marine guard from the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait was kidnapped by Palestinians.
- August 5, 1973: Two demented Muslims used machine guns to attack passengers in the Israeli El Al lounge in Athens, Greece. Five people were killed and 53 were wounded. While the Greek government sentenced the Islamic terrorists to death for their crime, they were later freed following the hijacking of a Greek freighter in Pakistan six months later.
The murdering Muslims had intended to attack passengers waiting for a TWA flight to Tel Aviv, but instead erroneously struck passengers on a TWA flight bound for New York. After killing five and wounding 53 more, the terrorists seized 35 hostages.
These Muslims claimed to be members of the Black_September PLO terrorist group, but since they had shot the wrong people, an anonymous BSO spokesman denied it. On August 8, a new group calling itself the Seventh Suicide Squad claimed responsibility for the attack, which it named the "Bahr al-Bakr" operation after a Cairo suburb named in honor of Muhammad's best friend and father-in-law. Aisha, who was 6-years-old when the 50-year-old Muhammad married her, was Bakr's daughter.
The two Muslim murderers, one a Palestinian and the other a Lebanese, were arrested, tried, and on August 24, 1973, sentenced to death (see the December 17, 1973 and February 2, 1974 incidents). These sentences were later commuted, and the murderers were released, to meet the demands of terrorists, calling themselves Muslim International Guerrillas, who had hijacked a Greek freighter. The two Muslims were deported to Libya in 1974.
In August 1979, one of the Islamic Arab terrorists who took part in this mass murder and mutilation was arrested in Orange County, California by U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service agents. Milidos der Garabedian, 32, was identified as a native of Jordan. He was booked into the Los Angeles County Jail on charges he concealed important information when he applied for his visa under another undisclosed name.
Greek authorities supplied a set of Garabedian fingerprints from the crime scene and from their criminal justice system to U.S. federal agents after he had been under surveillance. A deportation hearing was held for Garabedian who was released rather than imprisoned for his multiple murders.
Four victims of the terrorist attack were awarded a total of $230,000 to be paid by Trans World Airlines, even though the airline was found to be blameless.
- August 5, 1973: Five P'alestinian Muslims were arrested but then freed on bail after their missile attack on the Rome airport failed. Guess who didn't show up for trial?
- August 27, 1973: A letter-bomb, flown in a Royal Air Force plane from Britain, exploded in the hands of Nora Murray, a secretary to the British military attaché. The IRA was suspected of the bombing, although a spokesman for the political arm of the IRA denied knowledge of the incident. This was the first time the IRA has been specifically linked, albeit tenuously, to an act of terrorism since the timeline began in 1960.
Founded in the late 19th century, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is arguably the longest-operating guerilla organization in Western Europe. Despite its longevity, the group remains committed to its founding goal, an Ireland fully independent of Great Britain. While the IRA is a Catholic organization, and not an Islamic one, the group is often cited to suggest that there are other significant contributors to terrorism other than Islam. With that in mind, let's examine the history and nature of the IRA
Ireland was ruthlessly ruled and oppressed by England, its southern neighbor, from the 18th century until 1921 so the Irish have a legitimate complaint. Between 1919 and 1921, Irish separatists engaged in a violent guerilla war on British forces within Ireland. (I use the term guerilla rather then terrorist because the preponderance of IRA attacks were on armed individuals serving the British government in police or army units.)
In 1921, the Irish separatists, led by the political party Sinn Fein, reached an agreement with the United Kingdom. With the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the UK agreed to grant full independence to the southern 26 counties of Ireland while retaining sovereignty over the remaining six northern counties which would soon be known as Northern Ireland. As a result, a civil war erupted in Ireland between pro-treaty and anti-treaty factions. While the acceptance of the treaty was ratified by referendum, there was a large minority that continued to find the creation of Northern Ireland an unacceptable compromise.
In 1922, the IRA was founded by members of the anti-treaty faction who had participated in the guerrilla war against the British. While they had lost the brief civil war, they continued to refuse to recognize the legitimacy of the Republic of Ireland or Northern Ireland.
In 1969, the IRA split into two rival factions, the Official and Provisional IRA. The Official IRA, with its Marxist-oriented ideology, was opposed to an armed campaign against the British and would later declare an indefinite ceasefire in 1972. Although there have been recent accusations of criminal involvement, the Official IRA is not active in a militant capacity.
It was then that Roman Catholic members of the IRA who espoused the traditional republican ideology and opposed the Official IRA's Communist leanings, formed the Provisional IRA in order to escalate the armed campaign against the British troop presence in Northern Ireland. The PIRA was therefore a pro-Catholic and anti-Communist enterprise.
After 1972 ceasefire declared by the Official IRA, the Provisional IRA became the de facto IRA, desiring the removal of British troops and the unification of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Operating as the IRA, they seek to unite all 32 counties into one Irish state, independent of Great Britain. Due to their opposition to the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, the IRA does not recognize the legitimacy of the governments of Ireland or Northern Ireland although these views have been moderated somewhat in recent years.
The Catholic IRA is known for their use of car, pipe, and mail bombs, assassinations, kidnappings, beatings, extortion, smuggling, and robberies, most of which have been conducted in Northern Ireland, Ireland, and Great Britain. Although its primary targets have been the British military and police in Northern Ireland, the IRA has also carried out operations against Protestant civilians and British government officials. Advanced warning for bombing attacks was often given in order to minimize civilian causalities. After several instances of successful U.K. police infiltrations, the IRA reorganized itself into small Active Service Units, under the leadership of the Army Council, to maintain operational security.
In the mid-1980s, the Catholic IRA received large quantities of modern weaponry, including heavy machine guns, thousands of assault rifles, hundreds of pistols, rocket propelled grenades, flamethrowers, surface to air missiles, and substantial amounts of plastic explosive semtix from the Muslim dictator Muammar Qadhafi. The Islamic OPECer provided enough weapons to arm the equivalent of three infantry battalions. As a result, most of the IRA's murders and mutilations were conducted in the late ‘80s using Libya's arsenal. This rapid escalation in violence was equated by the IRA's leadership to the Vietnamese Tet Offensive. The Muslim link to Catholic terror was further confirmed when the French intercepted one of the Libyan arms donations aboard the Eksund.
In August 1994, the Catholic IRA declared a cease-fire. While the cease-fire briefly broke down in 1996, negotiations resumed in the summer of 1997. The cease-fire culminated in the Good Friday Agreement in 1998. The IRA made a drastic shift in their policy and agreed to work towards a united Ireland exclusively using peaceful terms. After the signing of the Accords on April 12, 1998, the IRA stopped deploying guerilla tactics, however, its members continued to engage in criminal activities such as smuggling and robbery.
Violent splinter groups, such as the Real IRA and Continuity IRA, were formed in opposition to the organization's participation in the ceasefire and the peace process. Despite temporary setbacks, negotiations continued, and in 2001, the IRA announced that it would disarm and seek to quiet its splinter groups. In July 2002, the IRA issued a public apology to the civilian victims of its attacks. In July 2005, the IRA formally ordered an end to their armed campaign, pledging to use non-violent means to achieve their goals. In September of that year, an independent commission set up to oversee the disarmament process, the Independent Monitoring Commission, reported that the IRA had in fact scrapped their arsenal.
While the IRA was reprehensible and ruthless, and their behavior mostly inexcusable, their twenty-year reign of violence cannot be compared to Islam. Muslim terrorists have killed an average of 400 people per day over the past 50 years. So over the same period of time, Islam out-murdered the Catholics 1,725 to one.
The total number of casualties perpetrated by the PIRA during the twenty years following the Catholic-Communist split to the IRA's cease fire accords, were between 1,700 and 1,800. Of these, one third, or 621 were civilians - most of whom were Protestants. The largest number of casualties, 1,013, were British forces, mostly army but some police. Thirty-five of those killed by the IRA were British or Irish political figures, and 63 of the dead were suspected informers. The PIRA lost 276 members, 103 of whom died as a result of their own premature explosions.
- August 28, 1973: An IRA letter bomb was discovered at the British embassy in Paris.
- September 5, 1973: The Saudi Embassy in Paris was seized by five Palestinian terrorists who seized 13 hostages. They demanded the release of Abu Daoud (Dawud), an Al Fatah PLO leader imprisoned in Jordan for attempting to assassinate King Hussein. After 28 hours of negotiation, in which a number of Muslim ambassadors participated as intermediaries, the terrorists dropped their demand and asked only for safe passage out of the country. They agreed to release all except four of the hostages who were Saudi Arabians, and were allowed to board a Syrian plane which flew them to Kuwait. On September 7th, the Islamic Jihadists and their hostages transferred to a Kuwaiti plane and flew over Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
The commandos threatened to throw the Saudi hostages out of the plane unless the Saudi Arabian government helped them in obtaining the release of Abu Daoud (Dawud). When Saudi Arabian officials "publicly refused," the plane was ordered to return to Kuwait. The commandos then asked for another plane to fly them to Damascus, and were denied. On September 8, the hostages were released and the commandos surrendered.
The Kuwaiti Emirs, being good Muslims, released the kidnappers to the PLO in October, and they in turn, sent them to fight against Israel. Remember, al-Fatah had been born in Kuwait and had survived on OPEC crude. And as for Abu Daoud, he was released by King Hussein on September 13 which suggests that someone wasn't telling the truth. Come to find out, the terrorists who perpetrated this crime were working for Abu Nidal, a PLO leader who would later found the Abu Nidal Group. We'll cover his life story in the context of the September 8th, 1974 bombing of TWA flight 841. It is there that we learn that the Kuwaiti Emirs paid King Hussein $12 million for the release of the Black_September leader Abu Dawud.
The five jihadists who actually perpetrated this raid said they were members of a group called the Punishment Squad - a name that Abu Nidal had chosen. All of the principal Palestinian terrorist organizations denounced the attack and disclaimed responsibility because without the financial support of the Sauds and Kuwaitis, they'd be out of business.
- September 7, 1973: A bomb destroyed the Israeli exhibit at the West Berlin International Radio and Television Fair. There were no injuries, but damage was extensive. A West German news agency later received a letter in which the PLO's Black_September claimed responsibility.
- September 11, 1973: In Zambia, a parcel bomb exploded and killed a British employee of the Zambian Ministry of Information and his wife, and injured their son. The blast occurred outside the main post office after the British family had picked up the parcel and put it in their car. While I don't know for sure, I suspect based upon the fact than an anonymous Irish caller claimed credit in the name of his hero, that the Catholic IRA, known as the PIRA, had drawn first blood. It is telling that their crime against humanity was perpetrated against a family.
- September 28, 1973: In Austria, three Jewish emigrants en route from the Soviet Union to Israel, and an Austrian cutoms official, were taken hostage by armed Muslim Arabs on a train. The Islamic terrorists claimed to be members of the Eagles of the Palestinian Revolution, which was another offshoot of Arafat's al-Fatah.
The jihadists commandeered a car and drove to the Vienna airport, where they demand and were granted the closure of a transit camp for Russian Jewish immigrants at Schoenau Castle which was operated by a Jewish agency. The Austrian government agreed, forcibly closing the facility. The Muslim terrorists released their hostages and the kidnappers were flown to Libya. There, they were freed for the good work they had done.
Allah calls Jews "apes and swine" in the Qur'an and tells Muslims in the 33rd surah that he helped them terrorize Jews, murdering the men, enslaving their women and children, and stealing their land. So anti-Semitism in Islam begins with the Islamic god Allah.
- October 6, 1973: Muslims, lead by Egypt and Syria, launched a surprise attack on Israel on Yom Kippur, simultaneously invading the Sinai and Golan Heights. Out equipped and out numbered, Israel won - stunning Muslims around the world. Was Allah not Akbar, the Greatest, or did Islam cause Muslims to fail?
This timeline is dedicated to exposing the onward march of Islamic terrorism since the founding of the crude OPEC cartel in 1960, and not to war. But a brief review of Islam's wars against Israel is helpful in understanding why Muslims have switched tactics and now deploy terrorism.
The War of Independence in 1948: Israel, still unpacking its moving boxes, lost 6,373 people, or approximately one percent of its population, when the surrounding Islamic nations elected to sweep the Jews into the sea rather than live next to them. About one third of these losses were civilians. The exact number of Islamic casualties is hard to find, since Muslims have such a propensity for exaggeration and since they have little regard for human life. But it is estimated that 12,000 Islamic military and mujahideen forces died trying to stop Israel from becoming a nation. After the war, Israel, having beaten the Muslims so decisively, was able to define its own borders. What's interesting here is that the Islamic fiefdoms which attacked Israel had well established militaries and Israel had no government, no currency, no army, no air force, virtually no weapons, and no common language - and yet they won.
The Sinai War of 1956: Israel lost 177 soldiers and took the entire Sinai Peninsula from the aggressor. Egypt lost about 3,000 soldiers, had 5,000 wounded, and another 6,000 taken prisoner. Unfortunately, Israel entrusted the Sinai to UN Peacekeepers, who simply stepped out of the way when Egypt violated the peace accord less than a decade later. The UN's credibility was the biggest casualty of this conflict.
The Six-Day War in 1967: Egypt's Nasser galvanized Islamic resolve against Israel and threatened an allied assault that would push every Jew into the sea. It didn't work out as he had planned. Israel lost 338 soldiers on the Egyptian front, 300 on the Jordanian front, and 141 on the Syrian front. Egypt, however, lost 80% of its military equipment, 10,000 soldiers and 1,500 officers killed, 5,000 soldiers and 500 officers captured, and 20,000 troops wounded. Jordan suffered 7,000 killed and around 16,000 wounded. Syria lost 2,500 dead and 5,000 wounded. The Syrians lost half of their tanks and almost all the artillery they had positioned on the Golan Heights. The official count of Iraqi casualties was 10 killed and about thirty wounded. It was the most lopsided battle in history, eclipsing the bravado of the Spartans at Thermopylae. (In 480 BCE, 300 Spartan troops killed 6,000 of King Xerxes Persian soldiers and held off 150,000 more.) Had it not been for American demands against Israel, Jews would have captured Cairo, Damascus, and Amman and would have controlled all of Egypt, Syria, and Jordan.
The War of Attrition in 1968-70: During the Fedayeen War, 367 Israeli soldiers were killed and over three thousand were wounded by Islamic jihadists. There were no published casualty figures on the Egyptian side since that would only serve to highlight how Islamic countries use their own people as if they were ammunition. However, it is estimated that 10,000 Egyptian Fedayeen jihadists died.
Yom Kippur War of 1973: Muslims, lead by Egypt and Syria, and backed and financed by Iraqi, Iranian, and Saudi Arabian OPEC petro-dollars, launched a joint surprise attack on Israel on their most important religious day, Yom Kippur, simultaneously invading the Sinai and Golan Heights with Soviet planes, tanks, and armor. Also known as the Ramadan War, it represented the forth major Islamic attack on Israel since the nation was reestablished in 1948. Out equipped and out numbered 100 to 1, Israel won - stunning and angering Muslims the world over.
Israel was caught by surprise and suffered 2,300 dead, 5,500 wounded, and 294 prisoners - almost all of which were suffered in the first two days. The Egyptians lost 12,000 dead, 35,000 wounded, and 8,400 prisoners. Syria lost 3,000 dead, 5,600 wounded, and over 400 prisoners, of whom about 20 were Iraqis and Moroccans. Israel, which was overwhelmingly out numbered and out equipped, as well as being caught flat-footed, retrieved and repaired a large number of its own tanks as well as hundreds of Russian tanks and armored personnel carriers that had been abandoned by fleeing Muslims. With them, they fought on and regained the ground that they had initially surrendered.
On the first day, Israel lost 105 airplanes and 5 helicopters, a third of its combat strength, to the Russian SAM missile batteries. Egyptians lost 235 airplanes and 42 helicopters, while the Syrians lost 135 airplanes and 13 helicopters. Most of the Muslim losses occurred in dogfights in which the Jews were overwhelmingly better pilots. When jubilant jihadists overran their Russian SAM missile protection, the war turned and 51 unprotected Egyptian and 12 Syrian SAM missile batteries were destroyed. Israel lost one anti-aircraft gun. The Israeli navy incurred no losses, sinking seven Egyptian and five Syrian missile boats, four Egyptian torpedo boats, and several coastal defense vessels.
Israel had won a clear victory against Syria, conquering considerable territory beyond the ceasefire lines of 1967 and advancing to within about 20 miles of Damascus. In the Sinai, the Egyptians were clinging to the east side of the canal, but the Israelis had surrounded their Third Army and had successfully advanced to within a few miles of Cairo. Once again, had the United States not compelled Israel to withdraw, they would have conquered Egypt and Syria.
Sadly, however, the Sinai was given back to Egypt when Jimmy Carter bribed the Islamic nation to stop publicly threatening Israel by giving the Egyptians $2.5 billion a year, as well as full access to the most sophisticated American weapons. The U.S. also pressured Israel into the dumbest proposal in modern history: "land for peace." They sacrificed the lands they controlled, lost their defensive buffer zone, and have been terrorized by Muslims ever since. But at least now you know why Muslims have switched tactics from war to terror.
- October 18, 1973: In Lebanon, five Muslim terrorists raided a Bank of America office in Beirut and held 40 people hostage. They demanded the payment of $10 million to finance the Islamic war effort against Israel, the release of Palestinian jihadists held in Lebanon, and safe passage to Algeria or Yemen. The Bank of America refused to pay the $10 million ransom. And without the money, both Yemen and Algeria refused asylum to the terrorists.
After 25 hours, police and army forces stormed the bank. John Crawford Maxwell, a U.S. citizen, had already been executed by the terrorists. In the battle, one policeman was killed and six were wounded. Five bank employees and five customers were also injured. Two of the Islamic terrorists were killed in the assault, and one was critically wounded. A fourth jihadist surrendered unharmed, and a fifth was captured after trying to flee.
- October 20, 1973: An Argentine Airlines 737 jet bound from Buenos Aires to Salta was hijacked by four armed terrorists who said they were Tupamaros. The plane eventually ended up in the small Bolivian border town of Yacuiba, and after two days of negotiations, the hijackers surrendered to Bolivian authorities after accepting the offer of safe conduct to Cuba in exchange for the hostages. This had nothing to do with Islam but it's important to know that Communists were still competing with Muslims for the dishonor of having the least civilized dogma.
- October 26, 1973: The Turkish Information Office in New York received a parcel containing a smoke bomb and a letter addressed to the Turkish consulate general from a group calling itself the Yanikian Commandos, an Armenian group named after the assassin of the Turkish consul on January 28, 1973. The bomb did not detonate.
The Yanikian Commandos were an Armenian group named after Gourgen Yanikian, a fellow Armenian who was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison for a crime he committed in 1973. The group sought to attack Turkish targets in the U.S. in hopes to gain Yanikian's release from prison.
The 78-year-old Yanikian, who would have been twenty at the time the Turks were torturing and murdering a million Armenian Christians, was later paroled in 1984, but he died shortly after his release.
- November 25, 1973: A KLM Royal Dutch 747 airliner from Beirut, Lebanon en route to New Delhi was hijacked by four Palestinian Islamic terrorists. They said that they belonged to the Arab Nationalist Youth for the Liberation of Palestine. The Muslims forced the jet to fly to Islamic paradises of Syria, Cyprus, Libya, and Malta.
No smarter than the guns they were using, the Islamic hijackers demanded that KLM, the civilian passenger airline, cease transporting arms to Israel (which meant that they should stop selling seats to Muslims). They also demanded that as a result of their terrorist behavior, the Dutch government change its "pro-Israel stance" to one that favored criminals. Further, these Muslims told the Netherlands that they could no longer render aid in the emigration of Soviet Jews to Israel.
All 247 passengers and 17 crew members were released on November 27th. The hijackers surrendered after getting a safe passage guarantee to Abu Dhabi. The fate of the perpetrators is unknown, which is diplomatic speak for they received a ransom and were freed.
- December 14, 1973: In France, the Algerian Consulate in Marseille was bombed resulting in the death of four Algerians and the wounding of 20 others. A previously unknown organization claimed responsibility. The bombing occurred during a period of religious tensions.
- December 17, 1973: At least 32 people were killed and 18 were wounded when five Arab Muslims invaded Rome's airport and attacked a Middle East-bound Pan American Airways jet, spraying it with bombs and machine gun fire. They had pulled weapons from their luggage in the terminal lounge, where they murdered the first two people. They then forced Pan American 707 pilot to fly to Beirut and then on to Tehran, Iran. There, the Muslims destroyed the jet with incendiary grenades, killing 29 people, 14 of whom were American employees of ARAMCO.
When they had finished destroying the first aircraft and murdering its passengers, the Muslims turned their destructive natures on another. The Palestinian Muslims herded five Italian hostages into a Lufthansa airliner and killed a customs agent as he tried to escape. The Islamic terrorists forced the pilot to fly to Beirut. After Lebanese authorities refused to let the plane land, it went on to Athens, where the terrorists demanded the release of two Muslim militants. In order to make Greek authorities comply with their demands, the jihadists killed a hostage and threw his body onto the tarmac.
From Athens, the hijackers flew back to the land of Islam: Damascus, Syria and then to Kuwait. In friendly territory, they released the flight crew and surrendered to the open arms of the OPEC Emirs. Those who had murdered 32 innocent people were sent to an unknown destination, given new identities, and set free.
The specific Islamic terrorists the hijackers had demanded the release of were Palestinians held in Greece for the August 5, 1973 murders at the Athens airport. So on March 2, 1974, the Muslim murderers were flown to Cairo "under the responsibility of the PLO," which said that the five men would be tried by them for carrying out an "unauthorized operation" detrimental to the Palestinian cause. Ultimately the hijacking murderers were traced to Abu Nidal's Fatah-based terrorist group.
- December 18, 1973: In Bangladesh, three Molotov cocktails were thrown into the motor pool of the U.S. embassy in Dacca.
- December 27, 1973: The IRA was engaged in the kidnapping of a West German industrialist who died of a heart attack during his captivity.
- December 30, 1973: In an affluent suburb of London, the butler opened the door of Joseph Sieff home, only to be confronted by a Venezuelan man with a gun. The assailant demanded to be taken to Sieff, who was at sixty-eight, the president of Marks and Spencer department stores, and more importantly to his uninvited guest, an honorary member of the British Zionist Federation, an organization that had raised funds for Israeli charities.
As they climbed the stairs, Seiff's wife saw them and called the police. Joseph, hearing his name, pushed open the bathroom door and was confronted by an automatic pistol. Before he could react, the gun fired sending a nine-millimeter bullet into his face a pointblank range. As Sieff slumped to the floor, seriously wounded, the stranger stepped forward and aimed at his his head, pulling the trigger a second time, but the gun jammed. Before he could clear the weapon and finish the job, police pulled up outside, and the gunman fled.
Miraculously, Sieff survived. The bullet, which had entered just above his upper lip, had been deflected by his teeth and had lodged in his jaw within a wisp of his jugular vein.
The daring assassination attempt was the first act of violence by this young man with an unusual name. Even though he had failed to carry out his deadly deed, he had succeeded in escaping unharmed. Had he been arrested on that cold December night, we might never have heard of the man who became known as "Carlos the Jackal," one of the world's most notorious Marxist Muslim terrorists.
The story of Carlos the Jackal is so germane to our investigation, I have elected to share edited excerpts from the investigative account written by Patrick Bellamy. As we move through this review you will discover that "Carlos" was one of many confused men who were equally Marxist and Muslim. From his jail cell, the Jackal's parting shot to the world he hated was his treatise on why he had converted to Islam, and how that led to him becoming a jihadist. His story provides valuable insights into how the religion of man, Socialist Secular Humanism, and the religion of Islam, where a man created god in his own image, conspired to terrorize free people (especially Christians and Jews) the world over.
Carlos the Jackal was born in Caracas, Venezuela in 1949. His mother, Maria Sánchez had planned to give him a Christian name in keeping with her strong Catholic beliefs. José Ramírez Navas, the boy's father, had other ideas. As a devout Marxist, he insisted that his first son be named after his hero, Vladimir Ilich Lenin. Stubbornly ignoring his wife's protests, José registered his son as Ilich Ramírez Sánchez.
Ironically, José had entered a Catholic seminary with the intention of becoming a priest. However, after completing only three years of study, he declared himself an atheist - as would any rational person exposed to Catholic doctrine. He aligned himself with a leftist faction in Bogotá, and completed his law degree.
Determined that Ilich would not waste his life pursuing Christian ideals, José taught his son Marxist doctrine and regaled him with the exploits of the leftist revolutionaries South America had spawned. His mother, on the other hand, had him baptized in secret. On other occasions, while her husband was away on business, she took Ilich to mass in an attempt to dilute her husband's teachings. Ilich, however, embraced Marxism as his "one true religion" and turned his back on the Church forever. His mother, raised in the Catholic milieu of anti-Semitism, stood by her son's side as he butchered Jews around the world.
In January 1964, Ilich joined the Venezuelan Communist Youth and became embroiled in their revolutionary activities which included violent demonstrations. Ilich would later brag of his exploits. In 1966, he was reported to have been a budding revolutionary under the guidance of no less than Fidel Castro and the KGB. According to claims made over the years, young Ilich was sent to a Cuban indoctrination camp by his father to study sabotage techniques and other terrorist activities. Camp Mantanzas was run by Castro's Director General of Inteligencia and Castro's KGB adviser, Viktor Semenov. The unconfirmed accounts suggest that Ilich was a prize student and was personally tutored in the use of explosives, automatic weapons, mines, encryption and false documents. Another story tells of his meeting with the notorious Father Camillo Torres, a Colombian priest who became a guerrilla exposing "liberation theology" under Che Guevara.
Anxious for his son to continue his education, José contacted the cultural attaché of the Soviet embassy in London, where he was working as a lawyer, and made arrangements for his son to attend Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow. PLU was considered a training ground for the future operatives in the Soviet Union's expansion into third world states. While studying at PLU, Ilich formed an alliance with several Palestinian students and listened attentively as they related stories of their homeland's struggle against its archenemy Israel. The Palestinians spoke in glowing terms of a rebel leader who had organized a terrorist campaign to liberate Palestine. The man's name was Wadi Haddad.
Haddad, in partnership with George Habash, a fellow student at the American University in Beirut, and fellow PLO member, were instrumental in advancing the Arab Nationalist Movement in the early 1950s. Its members dedicated themselves to taking Palestine back from the Israelis. After the Six-Day War, fuelled by bitterness over Islam's humiliating defeat, Haddad formed the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and introduced a new manifesto - control of Palestine by acts of violence against Jews and those who supported them. The basic doctrine of the organization was Muslim Marxist . The method used to achieve the PFLP's ideals was international terrorism.
First blood for the PFLP came in 1968, after they had merged into the PLO. The PFLP contingent of the PLO hijacked an El Al 707 passenger airliner that was en route from Rome to Tel Aviv. The aircraft was forced to land in Algiers, Algeria - a terrorist friendly Marxist Muslim OPEC paradise where genocide abounds. Assisted by the authorities, the Islamic terrorists exchanged their hostage passengers for the release of sixteen Palestinians who were serving time in Israeli jails for having murdered Jews. Initially, the Israeli government refused to negotiate with the terrorists but after a month had passed international pressure, mostly from the United States, compelled them to change their mind. They acceded to the Palestinian demands.
News of Haddad's PFLP achievements spread quickly throughout the world, and in the years that followed other terrorist groups aligned themselves with his cause including Germany's Baader-Meinhof gang and Italy's Red Brigade who were trained and equipped in PFLP/PLO Saudi and Kuwaiti financed camps. The PFLP also made a favorable impression on the KGB, which resulted in direct support from Moscow.
It was through the Soviet alliance with the PFLP that Ilich first became involved with the now infamous Marxist Muslim association. Rifaat Abul Auon, Haddad's representative in Moscow, met with Ilich and subsequently invited him and a select group of his fellow students to attend an Islamic terrorist training camp in Jordan. Intrigued by the offer, Ilich left Moscow in July 1970 to travel to the land of Islam.
His first stop was Beirut where he arrived unannounced at the office of Bassam Abu-Sharif, the unofficial recruiting officer for the PFLP. Abu-Sharif was impressed with the fervor of Ilich's convictions. According to subsequent investigations, it was at this meeting that Ilich was given the name that, in the years to come, would strike terror throughout the world. From this day forward, Ilich was known only as "Carlos the Jackal." He became Islam's bite.
Within weeks of the meeting, the desert-dwelling Jackal traveled to a Palestinian terrorist camp in the hills north of Amman to begin training in weapons handling and explosives. His education was interspersed with heavy doses of political and religious propaganda. The course was peppered with a variety of tests designed to ascertain the trainee's loyalty and bravery.
In the final week of his indoctrination and preparation, Carlos got his first taste of blood when Israeli jets bombed an adjoining camp and killed a member of Yasser Arafat's personal guard. A week later, Carlos returned to Amman. Anxious to move on to more exciting pursuits, the Jackal contacted Abu Semir, a senior member of the PFLP, and was sent to an advanced training camp - terrorist graduate school.
As we had discovered earlier, on September 6th 1970, Haddad ordered the simultaneous hijacking of four airliners bound for New York. Leila Khaled, one of Haddad's most trusted lieutenants, led the first attack. Khaled had come to notoriety when she had successfully hijacked a TWA flight to Damascus in 1969. In July 1970, Khaled had escaped serious injury when remote controlled rockets were fired into Haddad's house during a meeting. Sadly, two of the four rockets failed to explode so only Haddad's wife and eight-year-old son, who were in another room, received minor abrasions. Haddad, who had murdered many Jews, blamed the Mossad, Israel's secret service, for irritating his wife.
Khaled's mission was to hijack an El Al flight, which was en route to New York from Tel Aviv via Amsterdam. The plan was for Khaled and her accomplice, Patrick Arguello, to pose as a married couple and take control of the aircraft. As the plane approached the English coast, the pair rose from their seats and, brandishing guns, made their way to the cockpit. As they reached the flight deck the pilot thrust the aircraft into a steep nosedive throwing the terrorists off their feet. Simultaneously, the co-pilot pulled out a gun. Startled by both of these acts, Arguello threw a hand grenade down the aisle of the plane. Fortunately the grenade failed to explode. Arguello was then shot dead by an El Al sky marshal. Khaled was overpowered by male passengers and flight crew and beaten as she tried to retrieve her own grenades, which had been secreted inside her brassiere.
After an emergency landing at Heathrow Airport, Khaled became the subject of a heated argument as El Al security and British police fought over who had jurisdiction over the prisoner. Eventually the Israelis conceded defeat and Khaled was taken into British custody, albeit temporarily.
The second PFLP attack also met with problems when the Pan Am 747 was found to be too big to land at the Jordanian airstrip that Haddad had selected. Instead it was flown to Cairo where the passengers and crew were offloaded before the plane was blown up. The other two aircraft, a Swissair DC-8 from Zurich and a TWA 707 from Frankfurt were successfully captured and flown to the Zarqa airstrip in Jordan as planned. In honor of the event, the Palestinians renamed Dawson's Field, a former British airstrip, "Revolution Airstrip." In a public announcement, the PFLP described the attacks as the first strike in avenging "the American plot to liquidate the Palestinian cause by supplying arms to Israel." They also ordered the Swiss and West German governments to release several jailed comrades.
Hauntingly indicative of things to come, a few days later on 9/11 a Popular Front sympathizer, a.k.a., an Islamic terrorist, hijacked a BOAC flight from Bombay to London carrying 150 passengers. They were taken hostage and held at Zarqa pending Khaled's release from a British jail. After twenty-four hours of intense negotiations, 360 passengers and crew members were freed in exchange for Khaled and six other convicted Islamic terrorists. As a final act of revenge, the Muslims destroyed the aircraft. Carlos, as a new recruit with no experience, was not used in the attacks but spent the time guarding a munitions depot far away from the action.
Prior to the hijackings, King Hussein of Jordan had been forced to appear sympathetic to the Palestinian cause, which is to say he aided and abetted terrorism so long as it was funded by the Saudis and Kuwaitis and directed at Americans and Jews. The Islamic king had allowed over fifty different terrorist groups to operate in his country. But tensions had been mounting and the Palestinians started launching assassination attempts against Hussein. The inter-Islamic conflict escalated in February 1970 when Jordanian troops, attempting to enforce a royal decree that ordered the Palestinians to surrender their guns and explosives, clashed with the Palestinians in a street brawl that lasted for three days. The order was later rescinded because Palestinians love their guns more than their Qur'ans, and both more than their life.
The audacity of the PFLP/PLO conducting the quad hijackings on Jordanian soil without first acquiring his consent, gave the Jordanian dictator the excuse he needed to solve the Palestinian problem. King Hussein decreed martial law and then ordered his Bedu army to drive the Palestinians out of Jordan. The resulting conflict was dubbed "Black_September" and was to become Carlos's first taste of real warfare.
Carlos fought alongside Abu-Sharif against the Jordanian army until 1970 but the war continued to rage another year before King Hussein claimed victory over his enemy, the Palestinian people. As many as 20,000 Palestinians died during this phase of the conflict. But like most massacres in the Muslim world, the truth remains obscured under the veil of Qur'anic darkness where free expression is never tolerated.
Following their defeat, most members of the PFLP and PLO fled into Israel and into Lebanon rather than be taken prisoner by the Jordan's army. During these deadly days, Carlos gained a reputation for being a fearless fighter and a cool calculating killer. He was not among those who fled; George Habash had other plans for his young protégé.
The Jackal was appointed to represent the PFLP in the Islamic safe haven of London. His task was to ingratiate himself into British society and to draw up a list of high profile Jewish targets that would either be murdered or kidnapped for ransom. By February 1971, Carlos was considered ready for his appointment and traveled to London to be reunited with his family. With his mother's influence, he quickly slipped back into the cocktail-party set and resumed his playboy habits.
Carlos attended the University of London to study economics and later took Russian language courses at Central London Polytechnic, all part of his carefully planned façade. His PFLP contact in London was Muhammad Bouria, an Algerian Muslim who, as one of Haddad's most loyal followers, was responsible for European operations. In search of targets, Carlos poured over English newspapers selecting prominent citizens who were either Jewish or had Israeli sympathies.
During February 1972, while Carlos languished in London, one of Haddad's teams was hijacking a Lufthansa airliner to Aden. One of the 172 passengers taken hostage was Joseph Kennedy, the son of the late Robert Kennedy - a man Palestinians had murdered years before. Following a short period of negotiations, Kennedy and the other hostages were released after the West German government paid a $5,000,000 ransom.
Enriched and jubilant, come May, Haddad sent three members of the Japanese Red Army to carry out a brutal attack on Tel Aviv's Lod airport. Upon their arrival, the three men retrieved automatic weapons and grenades from their luggage and opened fire on the crowd. By the time the firing had stopped, 23 travelers were dead and another 76 were wounded. Two of the terrorists died during the attack because one was hit by a stray round from one of his companions and the other forgot to throw the grenade he was holding.
In September of the same year, a squad made up of members of Yasser Arafat's Fatah, calling themselves "Black_September" launched a pre-dawn raid on the Israeli dormitory at the Munich Olympics. After killing two Jews, the Palestinians held the others hostage and demanded the release of 200 Israeli prisoners. The West Germans agreed to supply a jet that would take the militants and their Jewish cargo to Cairo. All went according to plan until German snipers at the airport fired upon the Muslims. In the gun battle that followed, nine Israeli athletes were killed by the Palestinians. When news of the raids reached Carlos he became angry and vented his frustration at having been left out of three decisive strikes that had rocked the world.
The Jackal was also left out of the next raid. Muhammad Boudia served as the PFLP's chief operative in Paris in the guise of a theatre director. He was notorious for his ability to seduce young women and convert them to his cause. In 1971 Boudia, an explosives expert, took one of his young German playthings and traveled to Rotterdam in Holland. Their mission was to blow up an Israeli warehours, but the mission failed when the explosives inadvertently detonated near a Gulf oil refinery instead.
Unperturbed, Boudia sent the same girlfriend, and two other women, to Jerusalem during the Easter holiday to blow up a string of hotels. That plan failed when Israeli police detained them at the Tel Aviv airport. They were found to be carrying plastic explosives and timers secreted under their clothing and in their make-up bags. In addition, their underwear had been impregnated with inflammable liquid.
Some months later, Boudia and another woman, Therese Lefebvre, tried to attack Schonau castle in Austria, which was used as a transit camp for Russian Jews traveling to Israel. That plan failed but their next attack on an oil refinery in Trieste, Italy succeeded beyond their wildest expectations. The twenty kilos of plastic explosive they planted not only destroyed the refinery, it also crippled the Transalpine pipeline that supplied Bavaria, Vienna, and central Europe. The resulting oil fire burned for two days and destroyed 250,000 tons of crude oil, causing damage worth $2.5 billion dollars.
On the 28th of June 1973, shortly before midday, the Jackal's supervisor, Muhammad Boudia, left the home of one of his mistresses on the Rue des Fosses-Saint-Bernard. He approached his car and being a cautious person, checked it to see if it had been tampered with. Satisfied that it had not, he climbed into the driver's seat, but before he could settle himself in the vehicle, an explosion tore through the car killing him instantly. A later investigation by the DST, the French intelligence organization, revealed that a team of Israeli assassins had planted a mine under the seat. The device was activated by a pressure plate. Muhammad Boudia had been one of the last targets of the "Wrath of God" group for his role in the Munich Olympic Games massacre.
Carlos returned to Beirut and asked to be sent to Paris to replace Muhammad Boudia. Although the leaders of the PFLP were impressed with his work in London, they felt that he did not have the experience for the job. On his return, he was advised that Michel Moukharbal was to be Boudia's successor and Carlos was to serve as his second in command. The Jackal was not pleased with the decision and resented Moukhabal's appointment. Regardless, Carlos made every effort to assist his new leader and agreed that Muhammad Boudia's death would have to be avenged by striking at Zionist targets in Europe. The attack on Joseph Sieff in London was Carlos' first, of what would become many, acts which modeled his prophet's behavior.
A month after the attempted cold-blooded murder of Joseph Sieff, Carlos tried to bomb the Israeli Hapoalim Bank in London. He arrived during morning trading, opened the front door and tossed a bomb inside. The device, made from a Russian hand grenade attached to 600 grams of plastic explosive failed to detonate fully and only succeeded in blowing a small crater in the floor and breaking a window. The only casualty was a nineteen-year-old secretary who received minor cuts.
Thereafter, Carlos and Moukharbal planned to bomb three French newspapers that were deemed to be pro-Israeli. Cars full of explosives were left outside the offices of L'Aurore, L'Arche, Minute and Maison de la Radio. The bombs were set to explode at two in the morning. Carlos, following the custom of the IRA, even advised the papers of the attack. At the appointed time, three of the four bombs exploded causing massive damage, but there were no casualties. The only paper to escape damage was the Maison de la Radio when the truck bomb left in front of it failed to detonate.
There is but one weapon that can be successfully wielded against Islam, and that is open, informed, and blunt discussion. It is why free expression remains Islam's most feared enemy. It is why in this lone case, Carlos the Jackal was more interested in killing the instrument of free speech than terrorizing people. It is why hundreds of thousands of Muslims signed a petition to ban Prophet of Doom - Islam's Terrorist Dogma in Muhammad's Own Words from bookstores. It is why CAIR (the Council on American Islamic Relations) threatens every syndicated talk radio program that airs interviews critical of Islam.
While Carlos was making his presence felt in Paris, Haddad was hatching another plot. He ordered Carlos and Moukharbal to align themselves with members of the Japanese Red Army. Prior to the planned alliance, Yutaka Furuya, a member of the JRA, had been arrested at Orly airport in Paris. He was detained because he carried three fake passports in various names and $10,000 in counterfeit bills. When questioned he admitted to being a member of the JRA and a supporter of the Palestinian cause. The DST searched their files and found that Furuya had been involved in an attack on a Shell oil refinery in Singapore organized by the PFLP. Other encrypted documents in Furuya's possession revealed plans to attack Japanese embassies and companies in seven major European cities. The JRA, PFLP, PLO, Marxism, and Islam were bosom buddies.
While Furuya was cooling his heels over what were called "minor infractions," eight other Japanese Red Army members were expelled to Switzerland. The Swiss, wanting no part of terrorists, expelled them to West Germany who in turn sent them to Holland. The motivation for playing "hot potato" was the recognition that Marxist Muslim militants had been trained to terrorize governments into releasing their prisoners.
Within days of their expulsion to Holland, the Japanese Red Army attacked the French embassy in The Hague. The three members who took part in the attack had been equipped and supported by Carlos and Moukharbal prior to the attack. During the skirmish, the terrorist leader and two policemen were wounded but the PFLP/JRA managed to capture the French ambassador, Jacques Senard, and ten other people and hold them hostage.
Mired in a rut, the boys demanded that Furuya be released from jail and that a Boeing 707 be placed at their disposal. While the demands were considered, Furuya was removed from his cell and taken under armed guard by members of France's Anti-Terror unit, to Schipol airport in Amsterdam to await the outcome of the negotiations. The French were under strict orders to execute Furuya if any of the hostages were harmed, an order that came directly from the French Prime Minister, Jacques Chirac.
While the negotiations continued, Carlos devised a plan that he hoped would force the release of his associates. On a busy Sunday afternoon he entered the trendy Deux-Magots café and made his way to the first floor balcony and threw a fragmentation grenade down into the crowd that milled around the boutiques on the ground floor. Carlos left just before the blast scattered hundreds of lethal fragments through the crowd killing two and injuring thirty-four innocent shoppers. The Jackal's Islamic education in the Jordanian PLO/PFLP training camps was paying dividends now.
Doing what they do best, two days later, the French government surrendered to the terrorist's demands. They not only released Furuya and supplied the jet but also paid a $300,000 ransom. They also lied, insisting that the grenade attack at Deux-Magots had no bearing on their decision. The Muhammad-inspired practice of terror, killing, and kidnapping had not only succeeded with the French, it succeeded in attracting Haddad's attention. The Jackal had proven that he was a good Muslim following in the footsteps of his prophet, so the PFLP promoted Carlos. When next we see them, the Jackal and Moukharbal will be poised to strike an El Al jet at Orly airport. We'll pick up that story in January, 1995.
- December 31, 1973: A member of the PFLP attempted to assassinate Joseph Sieff, president of the Marks and Spencer store chain, honorary vice- president of the Zionist Federation of Britain, and president of the Joint Palestinian Appeal, which collected funds for the welfare of Israel. The shot broke two of Sieff's teeth and lodged in his head. Carlos the Jackal said the attempted assignation was in response to Sieff's hospitality to Menachem Begin.